An executive agreement is a type of agreement between two or more countries that does not require approval from the legislative branch of the government. This allows for countries to make agreements more quickly when necessary without having to go through a lengthy approval process.
One example of an executive agreement is the US-Canada Safe Third Country Agreement. This agreement allows for the US and Canada to share responsibility for asylum seekers who arrive at one country`s border and wish to seek asylum in the other country. The agreement has been in place since 2004 and has helped to manage the flow of asylum seekers between the two countries.
Another example of an executive agreement is the Paris Agreement on climate change. This agreement was signed by 195 countries in 2015 and aims to limit global temperature increases to below 2 degrees Celsius. The agreement is not legally binding but is an important step towards addressing climate change.
Executive agreements are often used in international trade and commerce. For example, the US and Korea have an executive agreement on the export of US beef to Korea. This agreement allows for US beef to be exported to Korea without going through a lengthy approval process by the Korean government.
It is important to note that executive agreements are different from treaties. Treaties require approval from the legislative branch of the government and are legally binding. Executive agreements are not legally binding and do not require approval from the legislative branch.
In conclusion, executive agreements are a useful tool for countries to quickly make agreements without going through a lengthy approval process. They are often used in international trade and commerce, as well as in addressing global issues such as climate change. While they are not legally binding, they can still be an important step towards cooperation and collaboration between countries.